What is premarital health screening?

Marriage is a crucial part of society and a big milestone of establishing emotional, healthy and family relationships. A healthy marriage ensures that family members are protected from genetics and infectious diseases; this is how you build a happy and stable family.

A healthy marriage is defined as a state of agreement and harmony between spouses in terms of health, psychology, sex, society, and law. The purpose is to have a healthy family and healthy children from the father.

The premarital health exam is a test that assesses the health of couples who are considering marriage and provides them with information about their current health. It also highlights potential health problems, such as contagious and communicable diseases, that could put your partner and your offspring at risk if they ultimately seek to start a family. Understanding your partner’s genetics could not only provide you with necessary precautions and treatment options, it could also help you understand your partner’s health trends, such as cholesterol and blood pressure, and could take better care of your partner.

Pre-marital screening is defined as the screening of couples about to get married for common inherited blood diseases (such as sickle cell anaemia and thalassemia and sickle cell anemia) and infectious diseases (such as hepatitis B, C Hepatitis and HIV/AIDS). The pre-marital screening aims to provide medical advice on the possibility of transmitting the above-mentioned diseases to the other party/spouse or children, and to provide the partner/spouse with options to help them plan a healthy family.

In order to make an appropriate family plan, pre-marital check-up is an essential screening item for all couples. The benefits of pre-marital screening include:

  • Assessment of willingness to have children;
  • Identify potential or health problems that may affect pregnancy and the fetus
  • Develop an appropriate treatment plan to improve fertility.

Premarital Screening Test:

Routine Test: Complete blood count (CBC), complete urinalysis and peripheral blood smear to check for normal and abnormal cells. Blood group testing (ABORH) is important to weed out Rh-negative women and inform them of the risk of pregnancy.

Infectious diseases

  • VDRL for syphilis virus testing
  • HIV-I and II • Hepatitis virus screening
  • Hepatitis virus genetic testing

Doctors usually perform culture-based genetic screening. According to your family history and ancestry, different tests designed for different diseases (such as thalassaemia) will be added. The closer the relationship, the higher the risk. Genetic testing is done by analyzing a small amount of blood or body tissue samples.

Thalassemia Screening

  • If you have a family history or your partner is a carrier.
  • Anyone who is about to get married must undergo a complete pre-marital checkup and must undergo a thalassaemia check
  • If both parents are minor thalassaemias, screening will be performed by chorionic sampling during pregnancy (10-12 weeks

Gynecological examination

Gynecological procedures are used to assess the health of the female reproductive system. The general examination usually uses a speculum to view the vagina and cervix. This test helps to identify gynecological diseases, such as chocolate cysts and uterine fibroids (also called uterine fibroids), which are a collection of many benign and nodular growths or tumors, composed of muscle and connective tissue, and can be in the uterus Or formed on the uterus. These abnormalities greatly reduce the possibility of pregnancy, and proper treatment is urgently needed. One of the more specialized procedures is the Pap smear used to detect cervical cancer. It is strongly recommended that all women who have had sexual intercourse undergo a Pap smear. In the absence of sexual activity, women over the age of 21 are also recommended to have a Pap smear.

 In order to have a complete family, premarital physical examination is the first line of defense for happiness. Not only prudent financial planning, but proper family planning is still essential.